Are researchers on their way to predicting what side effects you’ll experience from a drug?

Scientists developing model that predicts drug side effects in different patients

predicting-drug-side-effect image
Rsearchers developing a model that predicts how different people may react to the same drug have produced an example that models red blood cells from data extracted from individuals’ blood samples.
Senior author Bernhard Palsson, a professor of bioengineering, said: “We’re not just interested in predicting the efficacy of a drug, but its side effects as well“.

2015 Study Summary

Understanding individual variation is fundamental to personalized medicine. Yet interpreting complex phenotype data, such as multi-compartment metabolomic profiles, in the context of genotype data for an individual is complicated by interactions within and between cells and remains an unresolved challenge. Here, we constructed multi-omic, data-driven, personalized whole-cell kinetic models of erythrocyte metabolism for 24 healthy individuals based on fasting-state plasma and erythrocyte metabolomics and whole-genome genotyping. We show that personalized kinetic rate constants, rather than metabolite levels, better represent the genotype. Additionally, changes in erythrocyte dynamics between individuals occur on timescales of circulation, suggesting detected differences play a role in physiology. Finally, we use the models to identify individuals at risk for a drug side effect (ribavirin-induced anemia) and how genetic variation (inosine triphosphatase deficiency) may protect against this side effect. This study demonstrates the feasibility of personalized kinetic models, and we anticipate their use will accelerate discoveries in characterizing individual metabolic variation.

Sources and more information
  • Personalized Whole-Cell Kinetic Models of Metabolism for Discovery in Genomics and Pharmacodynamics, sciencedirect, doi:10.1016/j.cels.2015.10.003, 28 October 2015.
  • Researchers are on their way to predicting what side effects you’ll experience from a drug, University of California, November 2, 2015.
  • Scientists developing model that predicts drug side effects in different patients, medicalnewstoday, 3 November 2015.

Author: DES Daughter

Activist, blogger and social media addict committed to shedding light on a global health scandal and dedicated to raise DES awareness.

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