Distribution of glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) in agricultural topsoils of the European Union

Glyphosate persists ! And European top soils are contaminated with it

image of Glyphosate persists

2017 Study Highlights

  • Data on occurrence and levels of glyphosate residues in EU soils is very limited.
  • Glyphosate and its metabolite AMPA were tested in 317 EU agricultural topsoils.
  • 21% of the tested EU topsoils contained glyphosate, and 42% contained AMPA.
  • Both glyphosate and AMPA had a maximum concentration in soil of 2 mg kg− 1.
  • Some contaminated soils are in areas highly susceptible to water and wind erosion.

Abstract

Approval for glyphosate-based herbicides in the European Union (EU) is under intense debate due to concern about their effects on the environment and human health. The occurrence of glyphosate residues in European water bodies is rather well documented whereas only few, fragmented and outdated information is available for European soils.

We provide the first large-scale assessment of distribution (occurrence and concentrations) of glyphosate and its main metabolite aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) in EU agricultural topsoils, and estimate their potential spreading by wind and water erosion. Glyphosate and/or AMPA were present in 45% of the topsoils collected, originating from eleven countries and six crop systems, with a maximum concentration of 2 mg kg− 1. Several glyphosate and AMPA hotspots were identified across the EU. Soil loss rates (obtained from recently derived European maps) were used to estimate the potential export of glyphosate and AMPA by wind and water erosion.

The estimated exports, result of a conceptually simple model, clearly indicate that particulate transport can contribute to human and environmental exposure to herbicide residues. Residue threshold values in soils are urgently needed to define potential risks for soil health and off site effects related to export by wind and water erosion.

More Information
  • Full PDF Distribution of glyphosate and aminomethylphosphonic acid (AMPA) in agricultural topsoils of the European Union, Science of the Total Environment, 15 October 2017.
  • New Study: Glyphosate persists! And European top soils are contaminated with it, pan-europe, October 13, 2017.

Author: DES Daughter

Activist, blogger and social media addict committed to shedding light on a global health scandal and dedicated to raise DES awareness.

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