Office parlementaire d’évaluation des choix scientifiques et technologiques, Rapport 2011
En 2011, à l’occasion d’une proposition de loi visant à interdire le Bisphénol A dans les plastiques alimentaires, l’Office parlementaire d’évaluation des choix scientifiques et technologiques a été saisi pour réaliser une étude portant sur la question des perturbateurs endocriniens et l’état des recherches.
Les substances anthropiques représentent des milliers de produits et comprennent des produits de l’industrie chimique (phtalates, bisphénol A, métaux lourds, etc.) et les produits phytosanitaires utilisés en agriculture (herbicides, fongicides, insecticides, etc.).
PRINCIPALES SOURCES DES PERTURBATEURS ENDOCRINIENS CONFIRMÉS OU POTENTIELS
DES (Distilbène), éthynil-oestradiol (contraceptif), kétokonazole (traitement du pityriasis, pommade)…
DES, trenbolones (augmentent la masse musculaire)…
Decades of evidence point to the untoward health effects of endocrine disruptor exposures, yet little is being done to regulate the chemicals
… “Although the U.S. has been slow to control endocrine disruptors, pressure is mounting for legislators to make significant regulatory changes in Europe, although the European Commission has also dragged its feet. In December 2015, the European Union’s Court of Justice decreed that the Commission had breached EU law by failing to adopt scientific criteria for identifying and regulating endocrine disruptors. The European Parliament met in February 2017 to consider a proposal defining those criteria, but member states decided to postpone a decision. France did not wait for the E.U. to take effective action. As of January 2015, new French legislation outlawed any contact between the known endocrine disruptor bisphenol A (BPA) and beverages or food.
The challenge to developing appropriate regulations for endocrine disruptors is that evidence from epidemiology for health effects is indirect and difficult to collect. Cancers abound in modern industrialized societies. Environmental factors are surely involved, yet hard to pinpoint. It took three decades to establish that DDT (dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane) and DES (diethylstilbestrol) impair health. Both are now strictly controlled, but their effects persist across generations.” …
Read Opinion: Toxic Time Bombs, by Robert Martin for The Scientist, September 25, 2017.
Featured image Portrait of Sir Edward Charles Dodds credit wikimedia.
A History of Childbirth from the Garden of Eden to the Sperm Bank, by Randi Hutter
From a witty, relentlessly inquisitive medical writer, an eye-opening history of pregnancy and birthing joys and debacles. Making and having babies—what it takes to get pregnant, stay pregnant, and deliver—has mystified women and men for the whole of human history. The birth gurus of ancient times told newlyweds that simultaneous orgasms were necessary for conception and that during pregnancy a woman should drink red wine but not too much and have sex but not too frequently. Over the last one hundred years, depending on the latest prevailing advice, women have taken morphine, practiced Lamaze, relied on ultrasound images, sampled fertility drugs, and shopped at sperm banks.
In Get Me Out, the insatiably curious Randi Hutter Epstein journeys through history, fads, and fables, and to the fringe of science, where audacious researchers have gone to extreme measures to get healthy babies out of mothers. The book has a full, good chapter on DES.