How your washing machine could be damaging fertility
From Clothing to Laundry Water: Investigating the Fate of Phthalates, Brominated Flame Retardants, and Organophosphate
Esters, eurekalert, July 18, 2016. PDF.
The mystery of how some hormone-disrupting chemicals have come to be found in lakes and rivers has been solved.
It appears that human clothing can trap the chemicals in their fibres and come laundry day, they are released into water of the washing machine, before being swept away into the sewerage system.
The accumulation of phthalate esters, brominated flame retardants (BFRs) and organophosphate esters (OPEs) by clothing from indoor air and transfer via laundering to outdoors were investigated.
Over 30 days cotton and polyester fabrics accumulated 3475 and 1950 ng/dm2 ∑5phthalates, 65 and 78 ng/dm2 ∑10BFRs, and 1200 and 310 ng/dm2 ∑8OPEs, respectively. Planar surface area concentrations of OPEs and low molecular weight phthalates were significantly greater in cotton than polyester and similar for BFRs and high molecular weight phthalates. This difference was significantly and inversely correlated with KOW, suggesting greater sorption of polar compounds to polar cotton. Chemical release from cotton and polyester to laundry water was >80% of aliphatic OPEs (log KOW < 4), < 50% of OPEs with an aromatic structure, 50−100% of low molecular weight phthalates (log KOW 4−6), and < detection−35% of higher molecular weight phthalates (log KOW > 8) and BFRs (log KOW > 6).
How your washing machine could be damaging fertility, telegraph, 10 AUGUST 2016.
These results support the hypothesis that clothing acts an efficient conveyer of soluble semivolatile organic compounds (SVOCs) from indoors to outdoors through accumulation from air and then release during laundering. Clothes drying could as well contribute to the release of chemicals emitted by electric dryers. The results also have implications for dermal exposure.
Over the last decade or so, the FDA has quietly become an agent of organized scientific fraud designed to promote the profits of drug companies at the expense of public health. One of the ways this is accomplished is by rigging drug review panels with industry “experts” who maintain financial ties to pharmaceutical companies.
That’s true! However it’s hard for a DES mother not to feel guilty when her child has health problems because of a drug she took during pregnancy … It’s hard for a DES daughter not to worry when her health is threatened by the long term effects of a drug that is affecting three generations …
Don’t you think? Read more about the psychological effects of : DES Guilt, Fear, and other Emotions
The FDA didn’t ban DES and today recognizes the DES tragedy but refuses to apologize to the victims.
Pharmaceutical giant Eli Lilly who manufactured DES in the US has never accepted responsibility nor apologized for the DES tragedy.
Should DES victims learn to accept an apology they will never get? … Nine people commented so far, what do you think?