A travers sa campagne 2014 de data-telling, Biocoop poursuivit son discours de sensibilisation sur la portée de l’acte d’achat. Les visuels présentent des produits de consommation courante et montrent les effets néfastes sur la planète et pour notre santé.
1. Find the right sunscreen Many sunscreens contain hormone-disrupting chemicals that are bad for us and for aquatic life. Look for ones with non-nanoized titanium dioxide or zinc oxide, and avoid ones with 3-(4-methylbenzylidene)-camphor (4-MBC); octinoxate/octyl- methoxycinnamate (OMC); homosalate (HMS); and oxybenzone.
2. Find safe ways to fight germs These days it seems like everything claims to be antibacterial—soaps, toothpaste, clothing, bedding, band-aids, toys, cutting boards—you name it. Chances are, these products contain triclosan, an antimicrobial agent that is suspected of interfering with the hormone systems of humans and wildlife. There’s no evidence that triclosan is more effective than soap and water, so trade in the toxics for some good, old- fashioned elbow grease.
3. Go chemical-free in your garden Chemical pesticides are designed to kill pests and weeds, so it’s no surprise that they aren’t good for humans either. And their residue can hang around for years, allowing for ongoing exposure. Ask your garden store about non-toxic alternatives, or look for organic pest- management tips such as DIY recipes that rely on everyday items like vinegar and dish soap.
1. When it comes to personal care products, simple is best Decrease your exposure to toxic chemicals in cosmetics by using fewer products and choosing those with simpler ingredients. And avoid fragrance—that single ingredient can contain dozens of chemicals.
2. Don’t be fooled by empty “organic” and “natural” claims on beauty care products Because the cosmetics industry is largely unregulated, these claims may have no meaning. Read labels for specific information on a product’s ingredients.
3. Avoid these problematic ingredients • ingredients with “PEG” and “eth” in the name (potential 1,4-dioxane contamination) • butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) and butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) • diethanolamine (DEA) and triethanolamine (TEA) (possible nitrosamine contamination) • formaldehyde • quaternium • DMDM hydantoin • imidazolidinyl urea • fragrance • hydroquinone • nonylphenol • parabens • petrolatum • phthalates (DBP & DEP) • synthetic musks • toluene • triclosan and triclocarban
1. Eat organic and kick the can When possible, choose organic foods and hormone-free meat and dairy. Buying products grown organically reduces pesticide use, which is good for families, farmworkers and the environment. And avoid canned foods until companies replace toxic BPA-based can linings with safe alternatives.
2. Take it easy on the plastic When choosing kitchenware and water bottles, go old-school with stainless steel and glass. And never microwave in plastic—even “microwave-safe” plastic can leach chemicals into your food when heated.
3. Choose cleaning products that show you what they’re made of Companies are not required to disclose ingredients of cleaners and detergents, so look for products made by companies that disclose ingredients, or make your own with things like baking soda and vinegar. For recipes check out Vassar College’s Environmental Risks and Breast Cancer Program.
4. Stick with oil for pans that don’t stick, and use elbow grease to remove stains Although there’s no denying they make our life easier, non-stick pans and stain-resistant materials can contain toxic polyfluorinated chemicals. Choose stainless steel or cast iron pots and pans, and consider skipping the stain-resistant clothes and carpets
The clearest evidence that a synthetic estrogen can increase risk for cancer decades later comes from the tragic experience with diethylstilbestrol (DES). Between 1938 and 1971, doctors prescribed DES for millions of pregnant women to prevent miscarriages. The drug was contraindicated in pregnancy use when daughters of women who took the drug were found to have higher rates of an extremely rare vaginal cancer compared to those who were not exposed to DES in the womb (Bibbo, 1977; Herbst, 1971). Research indicates that DES exposure is also associated with an increased risk of breast cancer in the women who took it during the 1950s (Colton, 1993; TitusErnstoff, 2001).
In a follow-up study of daughters who were exposed prenatally to DES, a nearly twofold increase in breast cancer risk was observed in women older than age 40. An even greater effect was found for women over the age of 50, although relatively few of the daughters had yet reached that age at the time of the study (Palmer, 2006; Troisi, 2007).
Recent studies examining the mechanisms by which DES might be exerting its carcinogenic effects indicate that the compound activates the same subcellular pathways that estradiol does, both by altering cellular metabolism and interaction with DNA (Saeed, 2009) and by increasing the rate of breast cell proliferation (Larson, 2006).
An overview of the low dose effects of Bisphenol A in relation to breast cancer
BPA is an Endocrine Disrupting Chemical (EDC). It is able to mimic oestrogen and can bind to the oestrogen receptors in a cell. BPA has been linked to breast cancer, as well as to prostate cancer, heart disease, obesity and diabetes.
Breast Cancer UK submitted evidence to both of EFSA’s consultations expressing concern that studies relating to low dose EDCs exposures had been dismissed. Breast Cancer UK will continue to call for a ban on the use of BPA in food and drinks packaging on the basis that studies show that low dose exposures to BPA have been shown to have an adverse effect on the mammary gland.
… “Diethylstilboestrol (DES) is a synthetic oestrogen that was given to pregnant women in the 1950’s and 1960’s to help prevent miscarriage. Women who took DES were found to have a 40% increased risk of developing breast cancer in later life (Greenberg, A.B.Barnes et al. 1984). The first generation of daughters born to women who were exposed to DES, also had an increased risk of developing breast cancer after reaching 40 years of age (Palmer, Lauren A.Wise et al. 2006). It was found that intrauterine exposure to the DES caused an increase in the number of ductal stem cells, and thereby increased the risk of mutations in the cells of the mammary gland, consequently increasing the risk of developing breast cancer later in life. Ironically, men were not permitted to work in factories that synthesised DES because those that had developed painful swellings in the chest area. It was these links to breast cancer that led directly to DES being withdrawn from use in the USA in 1971 and the UK in 1975.”…